• 22 most Common Infectious Diseases Worldwide

     • January 9, 2015 • Articles, News

    Common diseases in less developed and African countries still hold major opportunities for pharmaceutical wholesalers and traders.

    India is a major manufacturer and extremely affordable supplier of treatments for these diseases.

    Below you will also find a list of medicines available for each disease.

     

    Disclaimer: The information below is not to be use as a diagnostic tool,  details were provided by a professional writers and researchers, and not by doctors.

    Contact us for better trade details, product confirmation and availability.

     

    pharmacopoeia

     

    1. Cholera
    2. Cryptosporidiosis
    3. Dengue
    4. Hepatitis A
    5. Hepatitis B
    6. Hepatitis C
    7. Influenza
    8. Japanese Encephalitis
    9. Leishmaniasis
    10.  Malaria
    11. Measles
    12. Meningitis
    13. Onchocerciasis (“river blindness”)
    14. Pneumonia
    15. Rotavirus
    16. Schistosomiasis
    17. Shigellosis
    18. Strep Throat
    19. Tuberculosis
    20. Typhoid
    21. Yellow Fever
    22. African Trypanosomiasis (“sleeping sickness”)

     

     

    Cholera:

    Cholera is a disease spread mostly through contaminated drinking water and unsanitary conditions. It is endemic in the Indian subcontinent, Russia, and sub-Saharan Africa. It is an acute infection of the intestines with the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. Its main symptom is copious diarrhea. Between 5% and 10% of those infected with the disease will develop severe symptoms, which also include vomiting and leg cramps. In its severe form, cholera can cause death by dehydration. An estimated 200,000 cases are reported to the WHO annually.

     

    Available pharmaceuticals from India:

    Combination  Trade name of Medicine Category
    Chloramphenico Achlor Antibiotic/Antibacterial
    Acichol Antibiotic/Antibacterial
    Aciphenicol Antibiotic/Antibacterial
    Aciphenicol Forte Antibiotic/Antibacterial
    Acronicol Antibiotic/Antibacterial

     

     

     

    Cryptosporidiosis:

    Cryptosporidiosis has become one of the most common causes of waterborne disease in the United States in recent years; it is also found throughout the rest of the world. It is caused by a parasite that spreads when a water source is contaminated, usually with the feces of infected animals or humans. Symptoms include diarrhea, stomach cramps, an upset stomach, and slight fever. Some people do not exhibit any symptoms.

     

    Available pharmaceuticals from India:

    Combination Trade name of Medicine Category
    Nitazoxanide, Ofloxacin Oxalic NZ Antiprotozoal
    Nitazoxanide, Ofloxacin Nitzix -O Antiprotozoal
    Nitazoxanide, Ofloxacin Flagynor (50+100). Antiprotozoal
    Nitazoxanide, Ofloxacin Netazox OF Antiprotozoal
    Nitazoxanide, Ofloxacin Bestoflox N antiprotozoal

     

     

    Dengue:

    WHO estimates that 50 million cases of dengue fever appear each year. It is spread through the bite of the Aedes aegypti mosquito. Recent years have seen dengue outbreaks all over Asia and Africa. Dengue fever can be mild to moderate, and occasionally severe, though it is rarely fatal. Mild cases, which usually affect infants and young children, involve a nonspecific febrile illness, while moderate cases, seen in older children and adults, display high fever, severe headaches, muscle and joint pains, and rash. Severe cases develop into dengue hemorrhagic fever, which involves high fever, hemorrhaging, and sometimes circulatory failure.

     

    Available pharmaceuticals from India:

    Combination Trade name of Medicine Category
     Paracetamol Tylenol  Analgesic
    Ciprofloxacin     ciplox  Anti- Infectives
    Cifran  Anti- Infectives
      ceplox  Anti- Infectives
    ciprobiotic dps  Anti- Infectives

     

     

     

    Hepatitis A: 

    Hepatitis A is a highly contagious liver disease caused by the hepatitis A virus. Spread primarily by the fecal-oral route or by ingestion of contaminated water or food, the number of annual infections worldwide is estimated at 1.4 million. Symptoms include fever, fatigue, jaundice, and dark urine. Although those exposed usually develop lifelong immunity, the best protection against Hepatitis A is vaccination.

     

     

    Available pharmaceuticals from India:

    Combination Trade name of Medicine Category
    Inactivated  Hepatitis A virus Avaxim  Vaccine
    Avaxim 80U Paediatric  Vaccine
    Havrix  Vaccine
    Havrix(360)  Vaccine
    Havrix(720)  Vaccine

     

     

     

    Hepatitis B: 

    Approximately 2 billion people are infected with the hepatitis B virus (HBV), making it the most common infectious disease in the world today. Over 350 million of those infected never rid themselves of the infection. Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver that causes symptoms such as jaundice, extreme fatigue, nausea, vomiting, and stomach pain; hepatitis B is the most serious form of the disease. Chronic infections can cause cirrhosis of the liver or liver cancer in later years.

     

    Available pharmaceuticals from India:

    Combination Trade name of Medicine Category
    Interferon Alpha-2B viraferon inj  Antiviral
    Lamivudine Heptavir  Antiviral
    Lamivudine, Stavudine Emduo 30  Antiviral
    Lamivudine  Lamivir  Antiviral
    Lamivudine Hepitec  Antiviral

     

     

    Hepatitis C:

    Hepatitis C is a less common, and less severe, form of hepatitis. An estimated 180 million people worldwide are infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV); 3–4 million more are infected every year. The majority of HCV cases are asymptomatic, even in people who develop chronic infection.

     

     

    Available pharmaceuticals from India:

    Combination Trade name of Medicine Category
      ribavirin Rebetol Antiviral
    Ribavin Antiviral
    Ribavin (200 mg) Antiviral
    Virazide Antiviral
    Virazide (200 mg) Antiviral

     

     

     

    Influenza:

    Several influenza epidemics in the 20th century caused millions of deaths worldwide, including the worst epidemic in American history, the Spanish influenza outbreak that killed more than 500,000 in 1918. Today influenza is less of a public health threat, though it continues to be a serious disease that affects many people. Approximately 20,000 people die of the flu in the United States every year. The influenza virus attacks the human respiratory tract, causing symptoms such as fever, headaches, fatigue, coughing, sore throat, nasal congestion, and body aches.

     

     

    Available pharmaceuticals from India:

    Combination  Trade name of Medicine Category
    Influenza Vaccine (A&B), H1N1 Vaccine  Agripal Antiviral
    Fiuarix Antiviral
    Influgen Antiviral
     Nasovac Antiviral
     Vaxigrip Antiviral

     

     

     

    Japanese Encephalitis:

    Japanese encephalitis is a mosquito-borne disease endemic in Asia. Around 50,000 cases occur each year; 25% to 30% of all cases are fatal.

     

    Available pharmaceuticals from India:

    Combination  Trade name of Medicine Category
    Mannitol, Glycerin  Mannigyl  Miscellaneous diuretics
    Mannitol, Dibasic Calcium Phosphate,Glycine,Recombinant DNA Human Growth Hormone  Humatrope  Hormone
    Mannitol, Glycerin  Kratol  Miscellaneous diuretics
     Manogyl  Miscellaneous diuretics
     Neurotol  Miscellaneous diuretics

     

     

     

    Leishmaniasis:

    Leishmaniasis is a disease spread by the bite of the sandfly. It is found mostly in tropical countries. There are several types of leishmaniasis, and they vary in symptoms and severity. Visceral leishmaniasis (VL, or kala azar) is the most severe; left untreated, it is always fatal. Its symptoms include fever, weight loss, anemia, and a swelling of the spleen and liver. Mucocutaneous leishmaniasis (MCL, or espundia) produces lesions that affect the nose, mouth, and throat and can destroy their mucous membranes. Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) produces skin ulcers, sometimes as many as 200, that cause disability and extensive scarring. Diffuse cutaneous leishmaniasis (DCL) is similar to CL, and infected people are prone to relapses. Approximately 12 million cases of leishmaniasis exist today.

     

     

    Available pharmaceuticals from India:

    Combination  Trade name of Medicine Category
     Amphotericin B Fungizone I. V. Antifungals
    Fungitericin Antifungals
    Amfocan Antifungals
    Mycol Antifungals
    Amfotex Antifungals

     

     

     

    Malaria:

    Malaria is a mosquito-borne disease that affects more than 500 million people annually, causing between 1 and 3 million deaths. It is most common in tropical and subtropical climates and is found in 90 countries—but 90% of all cases are found in Sub-Saharan Africa. Most of its victims are children. The first stage consists of shaking and chills, the next stage involves high fever and severe headache, and in the final stage the infected person's temperature drops and he or she sweats profusely. Infected people also often suffer from anemia, weakness, and a swelling of the spleen. Malaria was almost eradicated 30 years ago; now it is on the rise again.

     

     

    Available pharmaceuticals from India:

    Combination Trade name of Medicine Category
    Artemether A Teem  Anti- Malarials
    Abther AB Anti-Malarial
    Aarnet Anti-Malarial
    Abha LM Anti-Malarial
    AB Safe Anti-Malarial

     

     

     

    Measles:

    Measles is a disease that has seen a drastic reduction in countries where a vaccine is readily available, but it is still prevalent in developing countries, where most of the 242,000 deaths (out of 30 million cases) it caused in 2006 occurred. Symptoms include high fever, coughing, and a maculo-papular rash; common complications include diarrhea, pneumonia, and ear infections.

     

     

    Available pharmaceuticals from India:

    Combination Trade name of Medicine Category
     Morupar Antiviral
    Sii Tresivac (MMR) Antiviral
     Tresivac Antiviral
     Trimovax Antiviral
    Trimovax Merieux Antiviral

     

     

     

    Meningitis:

    Meningitis, often known as spinal meningitis, is an infection of the spinal cord. It is usually the result of a viral or bacterial infection. Bacterial meningitis is more severe than viral meningitis and may cause brain damage, hearing loss, and learning disabilities. An estimated 1.2 million cases of bacterial meningitis occur every year, over a tenth of which are fatal. Symptoms include severe headache, fever, nausea, vomiting, lethargy, delirium, photophobia, and a stiff neck.

     

     

    Available pharmaceuticals from India:

    Combination Trade name of Medicine Category
    Trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole Bactrim Ds Tab Antibacterial
    Alcorim-F Tab Antibacterial
    Ciplin Ds Tab Antibacterial
     Colizole Ds- Tab Antibacterial
     Ciplin Tab Antibacterial

     

     

     

    Onchocerciasis (“river blindness”):

    Onchocerciasis is caused by the larvae of Onchocerca volvulus, a parasitic worm that lives in the human body for years. It is endemic in Africa, where nearly all of the 18 million people infected with the disease live. Of those infected, over 6.5 million have developed dermatitis and 270,000 have gone blind. Symptoms include visual impairment, rashes, lesions, intense itching, skin depigmentation, and lymphadenitis.

     

     

    Available pharmaceuticals from India:

    Combination Trade name of Medicine Category
    Ivermectin  Agimect Anthelmintic
    Ascapil Anthelmintic
    Biover Anthelmintic
    Ectover Anthelmintic
    Evertin -6 Anthelmintic

     

     

     

    Pneumonia:

    Pneumonia has many possible causes, but it is usually an infection of the streptococcus or mycoplasma bacteria. These bacteria can live in the human body without causing infection for years, and only surface when another illness has lowered the person's immunity to disease. Streptococcus pneumoniae causes streptococcal pneumonia, the most common kind, which is more severe than mycoplasmal pneumonia. S. pneumoniae is responsible for more than 100,000 hospitalizations for pneumonia annually, as well as 6 million cases of otitis media and over 60,000 cases of invasive diseases such as meningitis.

     

     

    Available pharmaceuticals from India:

    Combination Trade name of Medicine Category
    Amoxicillin and Bromhexine Aeromox Cap  Antibiotics
    Amexine Cap Antibiotic
    Bromolin Cap Antibiotic
    Edomox-B Cap Antibiotic
    Himox-B Tab Antibiotic

     

     

     

    Rotavirus:

    Rotavirus is the most common cause of viral gastroenteritis worldwide. It kills more than 600,000 children each year, mostly in developing countries. Symptoms include vomiting, watery diarrhea, fever, and abdominal pain.

     

     

    Available pharmaceuticals from India:

    Combination Trade name of Medicine Category
    Rotavirus Vaccine Rotavac  Vaccine

     

     

     

    Schistosomiasis:

    Schistosomiasis is a parasitic disease that is endemic in many developing countries. Roughly 200 million people worldwide are infected with the flukeworm, whose eggs cause the symptoms of the disease. Some 120 million of those infected are symptomatic, and 20 million suffer severely from the infection. Symptoms include rash and itchiness soon after becoming infected, followed by fever, chills, coughing, and muscle aches.

     

     

    Available pharmaceuticals from India:

    Combination Trade name of Medicine Category
    Praziquantel Cest Antiparasite
    Albendex P Antiparasite
    Cysticide Antiparasite
     Distocide Antiparasite
     Prazine Antiparasite

     

     

     

    Shigellosis:

    Shigella infection causes an estimated 600,000 deaths worldwide every year. It is most common in developing countries with poor sanitation. Shigella bacteria cause bacillary dysentery, or shigellosis. Symptoms include diarrhea with bloody stool, vomiting, and abdominal cramps.

     

     

    Available pharmaceuticals from India:

    Combination Trade name of Medicine Category
    Ampicillin  Ampilac Antibiotic
    Ampilin Antibiotic
    Ampicillin Antibiotic
     Ampisyn Antibiotic
    Ampital Antibiotic

     

     

     

     

    Strep Throat:

    Strep throat is caused by the streptococcus bacteria. Several million cases of strep throat occur every year. Symptoms include a sore throat, fever, headache, fatigue, and nausea.

     

     

    Available pharmaceuticals from India:

    Combination Trade name of Medicine Category
    Cephalexin Acelexin (250mg Antibiotic
    Alexin (250mg) Antibiotic
    Alcephin (500mg) Antibiotic
    Actilex DT Antibiotic
     Alaxin DT (250mg) Antibiotic

     

     

     

    Tuberculosis:

    Tuberculosis causes nearly 2 million deaths every year, and WHO estimates that nearly 1 billion people will be infected between 2000 and 2020 if more effective preventive procedures are not adopted. The TB bacteria are most often found in the lungs, where they can cause chest pain and a bad cough that brings up bloody phlegm. Other symptoms include fatigue, weight loss, appetite loss, chills, fever, and night sweats.

     

     

    Available pharmaceuticals from India:

    Combination Trade name of Medicine Category
    Isoniazid, Ethambutol, Pyrazinamide, Rifampicin  4D Antibiotic
    Isoniazid IP, Rifampicin  Actuate Antibiotic
    Isoniazid, Rifampicin Afarcin S Antibiotic
    Akurit Antibiotic
     Anacox - Plus Antibiotic

     

     

     

    Typhoid:

    Typhoid fever causes an estimated 600,000 deaths annually, out of 12–17 million cases. It is usually spread through infected food or water. Symptoms include a sudden and sustained fever, severe headache, nausea, severe appetite loss, constipation, and sometimes diarrhea.

     

     

    Available pharmaceuticals from India:

    Combination Trade name of Medicine Category
    Typhoid Vaccine Biovac Typhoid  Vaccine
    Shantyph  Vaccine
    Typbar  Vaccine
    Typho Vi Vaccine  Vaccine
     Typhivax  Vaccine

     

     

     

    Yellow Fever:

    Yellow fever causes an estimated 30,000 deaths each year, out of 200,000 cases. The disease has two phases. In the “acute phase,” symptoms include fever, muscle pain, headache, shivers, appetite loss, nausea, and vomiting. This lasts for 3–4 days, after which most patients recover. But 15% will enter the “toxic phase,” in which fever reappears, along with other symptoms, including jaundice; abdominal pain; vomiting; bleeding from the mouth, nose, eyes, and stomach; and deterioration of kidney function (sometimes complete kidney failure). Half of all patients in the toxic phase die within two weeks; the other half recover.

     

     

    Available pharmaceuticals from India:

    Combination Trade name of Medicine Category
     Yellow Fever Vaccine Stamril  Vaccine

     

     

     

    African Trypanosomiasis (“sleeping sickness”):

    African trypanosomiasis is spread by the tsetse fly, which is common to many African countries. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that nearly 450,000 cases occur each year. Symptoms of the disease include fever, headaches, joint pains, and itching in the early stage, and confusion, sensory disturbances, poor coordination, and disrupted sleep cycles in the second stage. If the disease goes untreated in its first stage, it causes irreparable neurological damage; if it goes untreated in its second stage, it is fatal.

    First stage:

    The current treatment for first-stage disease is intravenous or intramuscular pentamidine for T. b. gambiense or intravenous suramin for T. b. rhodesiense.

     

    Second stage:

    For T. b. gambiense intravenous eflornithine or the combination of nifurtimox and eflornithine appear to be more effective and easier to give. These treatments may replace melarsoprol when available with the combination being first line.  Intravenous melarsoprol was previously the standard treatment for second-stage (neurological phase) disease and is effective for both types. It is the only treatment for second stage T. b. rhodesiense however causes death in 5% of people who take it. Resistance to melarsoprol can occur

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